What is a phonological process?



What are phonological processes? These are patterns of sound errors that children make as they learn to talk. Most children use these as they learn language. It’s considered normal as part of development. Once a child reaches a certain age, phonological processes are no longer normal. If a child continues to use these patterns, they may need to see a speech-language pathologist for evaluation and/or treatment.

What are some types of phonological processes?

When should my child see a specialist?

 If your child continues to use the phonological processes listed above beyond the age that is listed as “normal”, you have a hard time understanding him/her, or you are concerned, you can take your child to see a specialist for a screening or evaluation.

Who should I take them to see? You can take your child to a speech-language pathologist with an early intervention group, a private practice, an outpatient clinic, or a local schools system.

How can I help my child at home? You can read to your child, modeling good speech sounds. You can incorporate preschool songs into your routines. You can also engage with your child in play.

Look through http://www.ausomeslp.com for more ideas and information on working on phonological processes.

Click the image below to download a free handout on phonological processes.

Parent Handout: What are Phonological Processes?


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My name is Elizabeth Hepler and I’ve been a practicing Speech-Language Pathologist since 2005.  I am the mother of four great kids. Our household is neurodiverse: ADHD, Autism, Gifted, and more!

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